Acta Universitatis Danubius. Relationes Internationales, Vol 11, No 1 (2018)

The South Sudan War: Causes and Implications on Its National Integration

Adeola Omoleye, Segun Joshua

Abstract


The cumulative effects of marginalization, the burden of sharia law, and rejection of the right to self-government, basically an overall feeling of being second class citizens drove South Sudan to push for self-determination through secession. This strong desire for self-determination saw them through three decades of virulent struggle which finally paid off in 2011 when South Sudan officially gained her independence via a referendum making her Africa’s newest state. However, the peace and joy of freedom didn’t last long for South Sudan as just three years after, a civil war broke out. The new country; South Sudan has been embroiled in conflicts orchestrated by ethnicity and power struggles and these has implications for national integration. The study examined the ethnic undertones in Southern Sudan’s conflicts and also considered other factors that are responsible, and then investigated the implications thereof for National Integration. The study makes use of a qualitative research design and is based greed and grievance theory by Collier and Hoeffler. The study interrogates the historical background of study with the purpose of providing a narrative and descriptive analysis of events. It was discovered that the war in South Sudan does not only have ethnic undertones but also economic, political and historical issues are fanning the embers of the war. It was therefore recommended that leaders in the country should look beyond their ethnic differences and instead stand strong together as a new country rather than let their differences divide. Nevertheless, while violent conflict and insecurity continue, the need to protect the unity rights of citizens of the South Sudanese society cannot be overemphasized.


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