Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica, Vol 12, No 5 (2016)

Trend analysis of worldwide FDI flows in the context of promoting sustainable development and national interest

Alina Georgeta Ailincă


About FDI there are numerous studies, some of them have mostly theoretical character and others mostly practical. This article aims at capturing and analyzing the most important trends in the short, medium and long term on FDI flows worldwide, thus this study has a rather practical approach. Also, the paper aims to discern how FDI flows may influence the sustainable development and the national interest. The analysis starts from studying the past in the most significant developments of the world economy in terms of inflows of investment attraction, drawing marginally some advantages or disadvantages of joining a political entity with regional vocation (e.g. European Union) or a currency area (e.g. E.M.U.). It should also be noted that, beyond the analysis of past trends, the direction towards which worldwide foreign direct investment (FDI) should be considered in relationship with the  ability to infer certain areas which in future can attract FDI for a sustainable and balanced national economy development, serving to the national interest. Thus, the article aims, through a broad set of indicators, to seize these structural or cyclical advantages of world economies and, to the extent that can be applied to the Romanian economy, to contribute to the restructuring of objectives of macroeconomic policies in order to mobilize the country's potential to attract FDI.


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