Acta Universitatis Danubius. Communicatio, Vol 10, No 2 (2016)

Philosophy and Dream

Nader Shokrollahi


Dreams are an inseparable part of our life. In the past the philosophical books had been studying ontological and epistemological aspects of this phenomena and extracting important points. But nowadays philosophers do not take it seriously but Islamic philosophy continued to discuss the dream although this amount of discussion is not sufficient. In our age, discussion of dream is granted to other scholars as Freud. Freud said the dream was belonged to folklore and mysticism, but science brought it back. Freud made dreams empty from those important religious, philosophical and mystical meanings and implications, and reduced all dreams to unfulfilled desires. After him, this view of point was accepted more or less by other scientists. The philosophy did not study dream properly. Although dreams remained more important than that Freud thought among many people and it is still regarded multidirectional, but deep philosophical investigation has not done on it and has been granted to those that had not have necessary ability to discuss it multidirectional. Some branches of philosophy should study dreams including philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, epistemology, ethics, and metaphysics.  Surly it does not contrast the other aspects of dream that psychologists and psychoanalysts consider it. The important heritage of philosophy and mysticism and religion about oneirology must be deepened by new achievements. This paper is an attempt to show the importance of philosophical aspects of dream and show that three branches of philosophy should study it: philosophy of religion, epistemology, philosophy of mind. Other branches was not mentioned here.


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