Acta Universitatis Danubius. Relationes Internationales, Vol 10, No 2 (2017)

Albanian Minority in Serbia

Ilir Abdurrahaman Zylfiu, Leka Dukagjin, Zylfiu Valbona Ahmeti

Abstract


The problem of the protection of minorities was raised as an issue in the Treaty of Versailles (1919). Since 1989, with the collapse of communist regimes, Europe has witnessed ethnic conflicts. Whole region was characterized by ethnic conflicts, as was the case in the former - Yugoslavia, which risked stability and unity of Europe. In such circumstances, international organizations, such as the OSCE, European Council, European Union, have coordinated their efforts to develop a coherent system for the protection of human rights - national minorities. Today, the countries of Western Balkan are multi-ethnic societies, and minority rights remain key objectives of the European Union in its foreign policy. European Union at the beginning of XXI century with numerous projects is committed to stability and economic development of the region. It is well known that the position of minorities is one of the main criteria of EU accession to this organization, and within these countries is part also the Republic of Serbia. Now, the Republic of Serbia is in the process of negotiations with the EU. Chapter 23 deals with the issue of minorities, and in the Republic of Serbia is living also the ethnic Albanian minority. The paper deals with the position of the Albanian minority in Serbia. To understand today the position of the Albanian minority in Serbia, we will treat the historical aspect of the ethnic Albanians in Serbia in the political, economic and educational context. After the end of the Kosovo conflict, the position of Albanians in Serbia has been constantly deteriorated. In this paper will be analyzed the armed conflict in the Presevo Valley, as well as the political, economic, educational position of the Albanian minority in Serbia. The results of this research will contribute to shed light on the position of the Albanian minority in Serbia, which is proclaiming hard its democracy and fulfilment of Eucriterias for admission to this organization. 

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