Acta Universitatis Danubius. Juridica, Vol 14, No 1 (2018)

The Role of the President in National Security Policies in Parliamentary Republics - The Case of Albania -

Behar Selimi, Murat Jashari


Albania is one of the former communist countries, which has managed to survive in the wildest form of the totalitarian regime and transform itself into a democratic state. Throughout the process of political and constitutional evolution, the role of the head of state has been irreplaceable, especially in national security matters. The constitutional reform has repeatedly affected the position of the head of state, strengthening it by diminishing its role in the direction of the country. Nevertheless, its constitutional and political authority in the establishment and implementation of national security policies has remained unchanged. Namely, he is also the head of state, but also the General Commander of the Armed Forces. It is precisely these attributes as well as its constitutional role and powers in relation to national security that will be the subject of this research. We will see if the head of state possesses a sufficient mechanism to play a role both in peace and in the war. We will also see its possibilities of influence on national security policies, beyond the exclusive competences of this character. The research method will be the description method and the political analysis method for a case study.




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