Acta Universitatis Danubius. Juridica, Vol 15, No 3 (2019)

Covert and technical surveillance measures and investigation

Fejzullah Hasani



            University “KadriZeka” Faculty of Law, Gjilan,Kosovo          



The use of contemporary technological achievements in combating and preventing criminality, especially when it comes to discovering it and ensuring evidence, is considered imperative in contemporary conditions. In this process the undertaking of certain actions, with the necessary use of means and technologicalmethods, there may be a conflict with the fundamental human rights and freedoms. In the public opinion, this is often interpreted as belonging to non-democratic societies and states when there is an abuse of authorizations with the aim of placing control over their citizens. In this case, the fact that every criminal offense represents a violation of human rights and fundamental freedom is neglected, whereas contemporary crime, and especially the organized crime, infringe upon not only the basis of the society but also all rights and freedoms.Therefore, there should be no presumption as to whether prosecution bodies should use technological achievements in combating crime. The overall view of the European Court is that the statehas a "positive obligation" to prevent and investigate criminal offenses and to criminally prosecute the offenders. The measures undertaken with the purpose of detecting and preventing such offenses and which interfere with the private life of the person are usually acceptable, provided they are provided by law and in conformity with the constitution and international standards which allow the limitation of freedoms and of human rights in indispensable cases.


Key words: Covert measures, technical, investigative, human rights, interception, monitoring, controlled delivery, simulated purchase of an item, criminal offence of corruption.

[1] Prof.ass.Dr.FjezullahHasani, Faculty of Law, University “KadriZeka” Gjilan, Str. “ZijaShemsiu” pn.Gjilan 60000 Kosovo, tel +37745321-690,



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