Acta Universitatis Danubius. Juridica, Vol 15, No 2 (2019)

Ilicit Trafficking in Firearms, their Components and Ammunition in the Comparative Penal Legislation (Romania and the Moldavian Republic)

Aurel Octavian Pasat

Abstract


This scientific paper is meant to formulate some conclusions de lege lata and recommendations de lege ferenda obtained as a result of the systems of actual international regulations in the field of preventing and counter attacking illicit trafficking in firearms, their components and ammunition as well as the comparative analysis of the penal and extrapenal legislation both in Romania and the Moldovian Republic, in order to clarify the juridical nature of the objective aspect of contraventions. The norms of this study comprise some international normative documents at European level besides some normative documents of penal and extrapenal nature in Romania and the Moldovian Republic. As a result of the undertaken study, some legislation shortcomings were pointed out which have to be removed so as to improve the internal legislation, and to ensure a better collaboration in the area of preventing and fighting against illicit trafficking of firearms and ammunition. The main research approaches were: the systemic method, the comparative method, analysis and synthesis. The author made a comparative analysis of the penal and extrapenal norms, identified some shortcomings of the legislative approach and demonstrated the necessity of revising some legislation concepts which, finally, will contribute to redifining the present penal law. 

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